A 2013 study by the Mayo Clinic found that patients with implanted cardiac devices such as pacemakers and defibrillators can safely drive or ride in hybrids or plug-in electric cars without risk of electromagnetic interference (EMI). The research was conducted using implantable devices from the three major manufacturers and a 2012 Toyota Prius hybrid. The study used 30 participants with implanted devices, and measured electric and magnetic fields in six positions inside and outside the Prius, and each position was evaluated at different speeds.[196]

The large number of Prius-owning progressive celebrities in 2002 prompted The Washington Post to dub hybrids "Hollywood's latest politically correct status symbol".[207] Conservatives called "Prius Patriots" also drive the cars because they want to contribute to reducing US dependence on foreign oil.[208] A 2007 San Francisco Chronicle article said "Prius Progressives" were becoming an archetype, with American conservative commentator Rush Limbaugh opining that "these liberals think they're ahead of the game on these things, and they're just suckers".[209]
With an EPA-rated 52 mpg combined in LX and EX trims (the heavier Touring model is rated 48 mpg) the Insight isn’t quite as fuel efficient as the Prius. But the Insight is more enjoyable to drive than the Prius, and its infotainment system is easier to use. Unlike Toyota, Honda offers both Apple CarPlay and Android Auto, albeit not on the base level. The Prius may still be the best overall hybrid, but the Insight tries to appeal to a broader array of drivers.

Hybrid systems are coming into use for trucks, buses and other heavy highway vehicles. Small fleet sizes and installation costs are compensated by fuel savings,.[15][needs update] With advances such as higher capacity, lowered battery cost etc. Toyota, Ford, GM and others are introducing hybrid pickups and SUVs. Kenworth Truck Company recently introduced the Kenworth T270 Class 6 that for city usage seems to be competitive.[16][17] FedEx and others are investing in hybrid delivery vehicles — particularly for city use where hybrid technology may pay off first.[18] As of December 2013 FedEx is trialling two delivery trucks with Wrightspeed electric motors and diesel generators; the retrofit kits are claimed to pay for themselves in a few years. The diesel engines run at a constant RPM for peak efficiency.[19]
SUVs can be broadly characterized into three different categories - sedan based SUVs or Crossover SUVs, mid-size SUVs and truck based SUVs. Your choice would largely depend on the number of passengers or cargo you are transporting, as well as your use. Some might want an SUV for urban driving while others might need it for towing their boat or trailer. A small 2013 SUV will carry 5 passengers; a mid-sized SUV will carry 7 passengers while a truck based SUV can carry up to 9 passengers comfortably. You should consider for smaller SUVs the Nissan Juke SUV and Mazda CX-9 SUV Crossover SUV. For mid-sized, the Kia Sorrento SUV is a fantastic start whilst with large SUVs, you can't really look past the Chevrolet Suburban Three QTR-Ton SUV or Lincoln Navigator. For towing purposes, we recommend you look at the Toyota Sequoia SUV and Ford Expedition SUV.
One of the most prohibitive initial factors to the potential civilian market popularity of an SUV-like car lay in its costs, and availability of certain critical parts. Before the war, adding four-wheel drive to a car almost doubled its cost,[54] Compared to a common, rear-wheel drive vehicle, any 4WD needed a number of essential extra components, like a transfer case, and a second differential and constant-velocity joints for the driven front axle — all expensive components, because of the precision involved in manufacturing gears and such. In America these were produced up to the war only by a few specialized firms with limited capacity, but due to the war's necessity, from spring 1942 Ford, Dodge and Chevrolet joined in fabricating these parts in mass quantity, boosting their production more than 100-fold.[55]
The following table presents fuel economy performance and carbon emissions for all Prius family models sold in Japan since 1997. The ratings are presented for both, the older official 10-15 mode cycle test and the new JC08 test designed for Japan's new standards that went into effect in 2015, but was already being used by several car manufacturers for new cars. The Prius 2nd generation became the first car to meet Japan's new 2015 Fuel Economy Standards measured under the JC08 test.[180]
On top of that solid foundation, the 530e adds a more efficient powertrain that allows the driver to travel further between fill-ups. With its 9.2-kWh battery pack fully charged, the plug-in 5 can travel for about 29 miles on electric power alone, or achieve an EPA-estimated 72 mpge in hybrid mode. That’s with rear-wheel drive; selecting all-wheel drive lowers that figure to 67 mpge.
In 1995, Toyota debuted a hybrid concept car at the Tokyo Motor Show, with testing following a year later.[24] The first Prius, model NHW10, went on sale on 10 December 1997.[25][26] The first generation Prius (NHW10) was available only in Japan, though it has been imported privately to at least the United States, United Kingdom, Australia,[not in citation given][dubious – discuss] and New Zealand.[27]
The Prime has an EPA-rated all-electric range of 25 mi (40 km), over twice the range of the first generation model, and an EPA rated fuel economy of 133 mpg‑e (25.9 kW⋅h/100 mi) in all-electric mode (EV mode), the highest MPGe rating in EV mode of any vehicle rated by EPA with an internal combustion engine.[89][14] Among all-electric cars, only the Hyundai Ioniq Electric has a higher energy efficiency, rated at 136 mpg‑e (25.3 kW⋅h/100 mi; 15.7 kW⋅h/100 km).[14][15]

The following table presents fuel economy performance and carbon emissions for all Prius family models sold in Japan since 1997. The ratings are presented for both, the older official 10-15 mode cycle test and the new JC08 test designed for Japan's new standards that went into effect in 2015, but was already being used by several car manufacturers for new cars. The Prius 2nd generation became the first car to meet Japan's new 2015 Fuel Economy Standards measured under the JC08 test.[180]
Three-row SUVs have become the vehicle of choice for many families. They provide all-weather traction and roomy interiors without looking like a minivan. The Highlander stands out in this crowd with its good performance, fuel economy, and reliability. It benefits from Goldilocks sizing: large enough to accommodate eight passengers but small enough for relatively easy parking. The Highlander rides well, and its handling is secure. Recent updates have improved fuel economy and power, adding to the Highlander’s appeal. And advanced safety features are now standard across the lineup. Overall, the Highlander is a rational choice that will appeal to the majority of buyers looking for a well-rounded, highly functional three-row SUV.

One of the most prohibitive initial factors to the potential civilian market popularity of an SUV-like car lay in its costs, and availability of certain critical parts. Before the war, adding four-wheel drive to a car almost doubled its cost,[54] Compared to a common, rear-wheel drive vehicle, any 4WD needed a number of essential extra components, like a transfer case, and a second differential and constant-velocity joints for the driven front axle — all expensive components, because of the precision involved in manufacturing gears and such. In America these were produced up to the war only by a few specialized firms with limited capacity, but due to the war's necessity, from spring 1942 Ford, Dodge and Chevrolet joined in fabricating these parts in mass quantity, boosting their production more than 100-fold.[55]
The lithium-ion battery has attracted attention due to its potential for use in hybrid electric vehicles. Hitachi is a leader in its development. In addition to its smaller size and lighter weight, lithium-ion batteries deliver performance that helps to protect the environment with features such as improved charge efficiency without memory effect. The lithium-ion batteries are appealing because they have the highest energy density of any rechargeable batteries and can produce a voltage more than three times that of nickel–metal hydride battery cell while simultaneously storing large quantities of electricity as well. The batteries also produce higher output (boosting vehicle power), higher efficiency (avoiding wasteful use of electricity), and provides excellent durability, compared with the life of the battery being roughly equivalent to the life of the vehicle. Additionally, use of lithium-ion batteries reduces the overall weight of the vehicle and also achieves improved fuel economy of 30% better than petro-powered vehicles with a consequent reduction in CO2 emissions helping to prevent global warming. [75] 

In July 2007 The New York Times published an article using data from CNW Marketing Research finding that 57% of Prius buyers said their main reason for buying was that "it makes a statement about me", while just 37% cited fuel economy as a prime motivator.[210] Shortly afterwards Washington Post columnist Robert Samuelson coined the term "Prius politics" to describe a situation where the driver's desire to "show off" is a stronger motivator than the desire to curb greenhouse gas emissions.[211] Some conservatives promote use of the Toyota Prius and other hybrid cars. For example, Jim Road from What Would Jesus Drive? encouraged people to drive hybrid cars because of the damage that large SUVs and faster cars can do to others.[212]
On your next trip to Montreal, don’t waste time by waiting around for stuffy buses and expensive taxi cabs. Instead, book your Midsize rentals in Montreal today here on Expedia.com and independently explore the area at your leisure. This way, whether you’re in town for business or pleasure, you’ll have a convenient means to travel to any meetings or conferences as well as Montreal’s must-see attractions.
Regenerate Braking.[further explanation needed]The drivetrain can be used to convert kinetic energy (from the moving car) into stored electrical energy (batteries). The same electric motor that powers the drivetrain is used to resist the motion of the drivetrain. This applied resistance from the electric motor causes the wheel to slow down and simultaneously recharge the batteries.
Global sales of the Aqua/Prius c passed the 500,000 mark in August 2013.[109][101][110][111] and the 1 million milestone during the first half of 2015.[112] As of January 2017, with 1,380,100 units sold worldwide, the Aqua/Prius c is the second top selling TMC hybrid after the regular Prius.[12] The top market is Japan with 1,154,500 Aquas sold, capturing 83.6% of global sales, followed by North America with 192,700 units.[12]
In 2019 the term "Self-Charging Hybrid" became popular in advertising, though cars referred to by this name do not offer any different functionality than a standard hybrid vehicle provides. The only self-charging effect is in energy recovery via regenerative braking, which is also true of plug-in hybrids, fuel cell electric vehicles and battery electric vehicles.[90]
The following table presents fuel economy performance and carbon emissions for all Prius family models sold in Japan since 1997. The ratings are presented for both, the older official 10-15 mode cycle test and the new JC08 test designed for Japan's new standards that went into effect in 2015, but was already being used by several car manufacturers for new cars. The Prius 2nd generation became the first car to meet Japan's new 2015 Fuel Economy Standards measured under the JC08 test.[180]
Drivetrain aside, it’s still a Porsche. It looks like a Porsche and, importantly, it handles like one. It accelerates like one, too, thanks in part to the instant torque provided by the electric motor. When we drove it in Germany, we were impressed with the quality of the materials in the cabin. The biggest downside to the E-Hybrid is that the aforementioned battery pack eats up about three cubic feet of trunk space, reducing capacity to 14.3 cubes with four adults on board.
Hybrid systems are coming into use for trucks, buses and other heavy highway vehicles. Small fleet sizes and installation costs are compensated by fuel savings,.[15][needs update] With advances such as higher capacity, lowered battery cost etc. Toyota, Ford, GM and others are introducing hybrid pickups and SUVs. Kenworth Truck Company recently introduced the Kenworth T270 Class 6 that for city usage seems to be competitive.[16][17] FedEx and others are investing in hybrid delivery vehicles — particularly for city use where hybrid technology may pay off first.[18] As of December 2013 FedEx is trialling two delivery trucks with Wrightspeed electric motors and diesel generators; the retrofit kits are claimed to pay for themselves in a few years. The diesel engines run at a constant RPM for peak efficiency.[19]
On paper, four-wheel drive pickup trucks and hybrid cars exist on opposite ends of the same spectrum. Ram bundled them into one vehicle when it released the 1500 eTorque, however. The technology consists of a 48-volt, 0.4-kWh lithium-ion battery pack and a DC-DC converter used to charge the truck’s 12-volt electrical system. The belt-driven unit also powers the automatic stop/start system, and sends electricity back to the battery pack under braking. The eTorque system can’t power the truck on its own, but it makes it smoother and more efficient in virtually all driving conditions.
Its new body design is more aerodynamic, with a reduced drag coefficient of Cd=0.25. This figure is disputed by General Motors which found the value for the model with 17-inch wheels to be around 0.30 based on tests in GM, Ford, and Chrysler wind tunnels.[59] Car & Driver measured the third generation Prius at 0.26 in a privately arranged five-way wind-tunnel test of comparable cars.[60] An underbody rear fin helps stabilize the vehicle at higher speeds. 

Toyota hybrids don’t compromise on power or performance. They recharge on the go, so they never need to be plugged in. They require no additional routine maintenance or change in driving and fueling habits. And they help you reduce your carbon footprint with every kilometre. In fact, since 1997, Toyota’s hybrid lineup has prevented over 94 million tons of CO2 emissions globally.
Honda built two previous generations of Insight, but they have nothing to do with this new model. The 2019 Insight is based on the Civic, a car we’re quite fond of, but Honda claims that it made extensive modifications to the compact car’s body. The Insight uses a 1.5-liter, Atkinson-cycle four-cylinder engine paired with the hybrid system from the larger Accord Hybrid. Total system output is 151 hp and 197 lb-ft of torque.
The Prius Plug-in Hybrid (ZVW35) is based on the conventional third generation (ZVW30) with a 4.4-kWh lithium-ion battery that allows an all-electric range of 23 km (14.3 mi).[72] A global demonstration program involving 600 pre-production test cars began in late 2009 and took place in Japan, Europe, Canada, China, Australia, New Zealand and the United States.[73][74][75] 

Regenerate Braking.[further explanation needed]The drivetrain can be used to convert kinetic energy (from the moving car) into stored electrical energy (batteries). The same electric motor that powers the drivetrain is used to resist the motion of the drivetrain. This applied resistance from the electric motor causes the wheel to slow down and simultaneously recharge the batteries.
The following table presents fuel economy performance and carbon emissions for all Prius family models sold in Japan since 1997. The ratings are presented for both, the older official 10-15 mode cycle test and the new JC08 test designed for Japan's new standards that went into effect in 2015, but was already being used by several car manufacturers for new cars. The Prius 2nd generation became the first car to meet Japan's new 2015 Fuel Economy Standards measured under the JC08 test.[180]
On top of that solid foundation, the 530e adds a more efficient powertrain that allows the driver to travel further between fill-ups. With its 9.2-kWh battery pack fully charged, the plug-in 5 can travel for about 29 miles on electric power alone, or achieve an EPA-estimated 72 mpge in hybrid mode. That’s with rear-wheel drive; selecting all-wheel drive lowers that figure to 67 mpge.
It all began in 1997 with Prius. Since then, the Toyota hybrid family has grown with more models and we have continually developed and innovated on hybrid technology in every new generation of vehicles. Toyota offers more hybrid models than any other full-line passenger vehicle manufacturer and has sold more than 12 million hybrid vehicles around the world.
Some systems are optional. Even the most advanced safety systems may not be sufficient to avoid an accident. It is the driver's responsibility at all times to be attentive to traffic and road conditions, and to provide the steering, braking and other driving inputs necessary to retain control of the vehicle. Drivers are cautioned not to wait for system alerts before braking or taking evasive action, as that may not afford sufficient time and distance. See Operator's Manual for system operating speeds and additional information and warnings.
The difference between crossovers and other SUVs is sometimes defined as a crossover being built using a unibody platform (the type used by most passenger cars), while an SUV is built using a body-on-frame platform (the type used by off-road vehicles and light trucks).[45][46][47] However, these definitions are often blurred in practice, since unibody vehicles are also often referred to as SUVs.[48][49] Also, crossover is a relatively recent term and early unibody SUVs (such as the 1984 Jeep Cherokee) are rarely called crossovers. Due to these inconsistencies, the term SUV is often used as a catch-all for both crossovers and SUVs.[50]

The 1984 Jeep Cherokee (XJ) is often credited as the first SUV in the modern understanding of the term.[71] The use of unibody construction was unique at the time for a four-wheel drive, and reduced the weight of the Cherokee. It also appealed to urban families due to having a more compact size (compared to the full-size Wagoneer) as well as a plush interior resembling a station wagon.[71] As the Cherokee became a major sales success, the term "sport utility vehicle" began to be used in the national press for the first time.[71] "The advent and immediate success of AMC/Jeep's compact four-door Cherokee turned the truck industry upside down."[72]


The Prius is the most fuel-efficient hybrid around, getting an EPA-rated 56 mpg combined in Eco trim. That’s thanks to Toyota’s tried-and-true Hybrid Synergy Drive system, and a 1.8-liter four-cylinder engine that achieves a 40 percent thermal efficiency, which is much higher than most engines. The Prius also achieves a very low drag coefficient of 0.24, meaning it has fairly low aerodynamic drag, which helps improve efficiency. Toyota’s designers managed to do that while maintaining a roomy cabin and useful hatchback shape.

In constructing the Prius, Toyota used a new range of plant-derived ecological bioplastics, made out of cellulose derived from wood or grass instead of petroleum. The two principal crops used are kenaf and ramie. Kenaf is a member of the hibiscus family, a relative to cotton and okra; ramie, commonly known as China grass, is a member of the nettle family and one of the strongest natural fibres, with a density and absorbency comparable to flax. Toyota says this is a particularly timely breakthrough for plant-based eco-plastics because 2009 is the United Nations' International Year of Natural Fibres, which spotlights kenaf and ramie among others.[62]
Just before and during World War II, around the world, prototypes and low-volume production examples began to appear of cars with sedan or station-wagon type bodies on rugged, off-road capable four-wheel drive chassis, such as the 1936 Kurogane Type 95 from Japan, the 1938 GAZ-61 from Russia and the 1941 Volkswagen Kommandeurswagen from Germany. An early predecessor to the design of modern SUVs,[citation needed] was the 1940 Humber Heavy Utility, a four-wheel drive off-road vehicle built on the chassis of the Humber Super Snipe passenger car.[53]
On your next trip to Montreal, don’t waste time by waiting around for stuffy buses and expensive taxi cabs. Instead, book your Midsize rentals in Montreal today here on Expedia.com and independently explore the area at your leisure. This way, whether you’re in town for business or pleasure, you’ll have a convenient means to travel to any meetings or conferences as well as Montreal’s must-see attractions.
^ Jump up to: a b "Monthly Plug-In Sales Scorecard". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 19 February 2017. See annual sales in 2016. First generation Prius Plug-in Hybrid sales totaled 52 units in 2016 through September, when dealerships run out of stock. Deliveries of the second generation Prius Prime began in November 2016. A total of 3,788 Prius Prime cars have been sold between November 2016 and January 2017.
Using low rolling resistance tires (tires were often made to give a quiet, smooth ride, high grip, etc., but efficiency was a lower priority). Tires cause mechanical drag, once again making the engine work harder, consuming more fuel. Hybrid cars may use special tires that are more inflated than regular tires and stiffer or by choice of carcass structure and rubber compound have lower rolling resistance while retaining acceptable grip, and so improving fuel economy whatever the power source.
The following table presents fuel economy performance and carbon emissions for all Prius family models sold in Japan since 1997. The ratings are presented for both, the older official 10-15 mode cycle test and the new JC08 test designed for Japan's new standards that went into effect in 2015, but was already being used by several car manufacturers for new cars. The Prius 2nd generation became the first car to meet Japan's new 2015 Fuel Economy Standards measured under the JC08 test.[180]
The Camry has earned its reputation as a competent, well-rounded family sedan. With its recent redesign, Toyota added more styling flair and handling acumen. And Toyota elevated its fuel economy to 32 mpg overall with the base four-cylinder, matching its smaller Corolla cousin. The hybrid LE version returned an impressive 47 mpg overall in CR tests, almost reaching rarefied Toyota Prius territory. This Camry offers spry handling, an absorbent ride, and a quiet cabin. (The SE and XSE allow buyers to add sportiness at the expense of quiet and comfort.) Forward-collision warning, automatic emergency braking, and lane-departure warning are standard, and blind-spot detection and rear cross-traffic warning are available.
In 1995, Toyota debuted a hybrid concept car at the Tokyo Motor Show, with testing following a year later.[24] The first Prius, model NHW10, went on sale on 10 December 1997.[25][26] The first generation Prius (NHW10) was available only in Japan, though it has been imported privately to at least the United States, United Kingdom, Australia,[not in citation given][dubious – discuss] and New Zealand.[27]
In Latin prius is the neuter singular of the comparative form (prior, prior, prius) of an adjective with only comparative and superlative (the superlative being primus, prima, primum). As with all neuter words, the Latin plural is priora, but that brand name was used by the Lada Priora in 2007. Despite the "official" plural form used by Toyota USA, "Priuses" is widely used in English.[21]
Our reviewers travel all around the world to evaluate new cars. In 2018, we published nearly 90 reviews. The time we’ve spent behind the wheel of over a dozen hybrid cars has taught us there are no shortage of competent and compelling cars in this growing segment of the market. Buyers don’t have to give up things like comfort, practicality, or even performance just to have the best fuel economy. If the Prius isn’t for you, we’ve picked other great options ranging from the best hybrid SUV to the best hybrid sports car.
Although petro-hydraulic hybrid technology has been known for decades, and used in trains and very large construction vehicles, high costs of the equipment precluded the systems from lighter trucks and cars. In the modern sense an experiment proved the viability of small petro-hydraulic hybrid road vehicles in 1978. A group of students at Minneapolis, Minnesota's Hennepin Vocational Technical Center, converted a Volkswagen Beetle car to run as a petro-hydraulic hybrid using off-the shelf components. A car rated at 32 mpg‑US (7.4 L/100 km; 38 mpg‑imp) was returning 75 mpg‑US (3.1 L/100 km; 90 mpg‑imp) with the 60 hp engine replaced by a 16 hp engine. The experimental car reached 70 mph (110 km/h).[20]

Improving aerodynamics; (part of the reason that SUVs get such bad fuel economy is the drag on the car. A box shaped car or truck has to exert more force to move through the air causing more stress on the engine making it work harder). Improving the shape and aerodynamics of a car is a good way to help better the fuel economy and also improve vehicle handling at the same time.
La province que vous sélectionnez nous permet de calculer un prix estimé en fonction du PDSF pour votre véhicule. La province que vous sélectionnez nous permet de calculer un prix estimé pour votre véhicule qui inclut les frais de transport et de préparation de à , les frais de climatisation de 100 $, s’il y a lieu, et les frais du concessionnaire allant jusqu'à .
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